“Root canal” is a term used to describe the natural cavity in the center of a tooth. This area contains the pulp chamber that houses the nerves. If it becomes infected due to cavities, root canal therapy is necessary. If left untreated, the infection can cause an abscess, which can lead to swelling and bone loss around the roots of teeth.
Endodontics is the branch of dentistry dealing with teeth root diseases. Teeth is feed through the pulp chamber, which consist of tissue, veins and nerves. After the growth of the teeth is completed, it is safe to remove pulp to save both the roots and teeth. After the growth process completes, teeth will be fed through the gum and surrounding tissue. Removal of pulp is called endodontic treatment and it is among the most common dental treatments.
Root canal treatment is required due to two main problems: Infection and extreme pulp chamber damage. Untreated cavities are the main cause of pulp infections. If cavities untreated, bacteria will move into the root canals. Unfortunately, root canals infections are not fully responsive to the antibiotics treatments. Infections and swelling will block the blood flow to the tooth and antibiotics will not be carried to the infected area effectively. Low blood flow will also delay the self-healing process of the pulp.
Trauma, broken tooth and bad fillings are the other possible causes of damaged pulp. Sometimes, dental operations might cause pulp to swell. For example, during the preparation process of a tooth for crowning might cause pulp to swell, however, since it is not infected, pulp will possibly heal. However, in some circumstances, mostly due to the oral hygiene and cleaning habits, it will result in infections and pain.
Infection in the pulp chamber might jump next to the bone and might cause abscess. Root canal therapy aims treating the infection by cleaning the pulp and filling the root canal with medical material. If untreated, it might result in tooth and bone loss.
Root canal therapy is for saving a decaying tooth. If you don’t want to have root canal therapy, your tooth needs to be pulled out. To fill the resulting gap, implant might be preferred as a treatment.