What are fillings and what are filling types?

Fillings are composite material used to fill the cavities after proper removal of the decay. Cleaning the decay is the first step in treating the cavities. After cleaning the cavity, compound materials are used to fill cavity and the filling is molded to the tooth structure.

The Filling Process

Most of the compounds holds on to tooth, it does not stick on the surface. Hence, your dentist will make the necessary cavities to increase the holding surface for the compound. Preparation of the cavity is an essential part of the healthy filling. After the cavity is filled with the compound, original tooth structure is molded with care. Fillings, properly applied, will prevent bacteria to harm the tooth any further.

Filling Types

  • Porcelain fillings (adjustable to the teeth color)
  • Amalgam fillings (metal fillings)
  • Inlays (cast fillings)

Only your dentist will decide if you need a filling or not. Your dentist will carefully inspect each tooth with the help of a small mirror. Your dentist will exam any problem area in detail with other special tools. Sometimes, an x-ray will be helpful to see the inner problems. Your dentist might request full or partial x-rays taken. Depending on the severity of the problems, your dentist will decide on the treatment.

What type of material is used?

Location of the cavity is a factor on deciding the material to be used. Each material have different strengths and esthetical specifications. On the rear teeth, strong material is preferred but in front teeth there are more esthetical considerations.

  1. Porcelain Fillings, composites (compatible with natural teeth color)
    They are esthetical materials but they are not as strong as amalgam. Since its in white tones, it is classified esthetical material.
  2. Amalgam Fillings (Metal fillings)
    It’s a strong and economical filling material, however, it is not esthetical. The compound is mixture of 70% silver, 23% tin and copper and zinc mixed with mercury. The mixture is prepared by your dentist and your cavity is filled. Material will complete its hardening process in two-tree hours.
  3. Inlays
    Inlays are cast fillings. After your dentist prepares the cavity, 3d model is prepared. In the laboratory, gold or porcelain replica is produced. Your dentist will carefully inlay the casted filling in place with the help of special bounding components.

Does fillings cause pain?

After two hours you can go back to your normal life. If it is your first filling, it will take some time for your tongue to adjust to the change. Some people might feel dizziness for a short time. Other than that filling will not cause any pain.

When do I need fillings?

If you have decay in your teeth, you should get treatment immediately. Otherwise you will face the risk of losing your teeth or you might have infection problems. Fillings are quick and painless, not to mention economical compared to other treatments. If you don’t take the immediate treatment, you will end up needing longer, more complicated treatment.